Gold Rush History
The accidental discovery of gold in 1848 by James Marshall at Sutter's Sawmill on the South Fork of the American River started a bonanza that brought California fame and gave it the title of the "Golden State". The Gold Rush of 1849 and the subsequent influx of settlers led to California becoming the 31st state of the Union in 1850.
Gold - California State Mineral -
State legislation signed on April 23,1965 designated native gold as California's official state mineral. At the signing ceremony Governor Edmund G. Brown said, "Selection of gold as our state mineral is acknowledgement of the intimate part it has played in the history of our people and of the fact that mining is a major California economic activity."